Presentation by Simon Dikau (Grantham Research Institute, LSE), Nick Robins (Grantham Research Institute, LSE) and Ulrich Volz (SOAS Centre of Sustainable Finance; German Development Institute; INSPIRE) with responses from Luiz Awazu Pereira da Silva (BIS); Rafael del Villar (Banco de México) and Sonia Gibbs (Institute of International Finance).
Aziz Durrani – SEACEN
Ma Jun – NGFS workstream on Research
Simon Dikau – INSPIRE
Nick Robins – INSPIRE
Herry Cho – ING
Grace Hui – HKEX
Simon Dikau – Grantham Research Institute, LSE
Ulrich Volz – SOAS Centre of Sustainable Finance
Nick Robins – Grantham Research Institute, LSE
Irene Heemskerk – De Nederlandsche Bank, NGFS
Danae Kyriakopoulou – OMFIF
Pierre Monnin – Council for Economic Policy
Ronan Palmer – E3G
Dimitri Zenghelis – Bennett Institute for Public Policy
Zoë Knight – HSBC Centre of Sustainable Finance)
Bob Litterman – Kepos Capital
The second in a two-part series published in 2020, this report is designed to provide central banks and financial supervisors with an empirically based toolbox of options to align their crisis response measures with climate and sustainability objectives and mitigate potential sustainability risks.
The first edition was published in June 2020. This second edition significantly expands the empirical assessment of the COVID-19 crisis response of central banks and supervisors globally and examines how far central banks are incorporating climate and other environmental factors into their COVID-19 strategies and wider operations.
The core finding of the updated report is that there is currently a divergence between crisis response measures and wider efforts to promote sustainable finance. So far, less than 1 per cent of central banks and supervisors from 188 economies have directly connected their crisis response with sustainability factors.
The Toolbox part of the paper presents the policy tools available to central banks and financial supervisors, distinguishing between conventional (often sustainability-blind) measures and those that are sustainability-enhanced, in other words they take climate and wider sustainable development factors into account. The authors present nine different types of tools, grouped in three broad areas: monetary policy, financial stability, and ‘other’.
The paper also lists the responses to the COVID-19 crisis taken to date by monetary and financial authorities in 188 countries (as of 5 October 2020).
The authors conclude that central banks and supervisors should now work to overcome the gap between their strategic commitment to climate action and the delivery of crisis response measures. Practical steps include the development of agreed sustainability classifications that can be applied to calibrate their crisis interventions, and updating core conventions such as the ‘market neutrality’ principle. In future research, they will investigate the technical and regional implementation details of our four priority actions.
The first in a two-part series published in 2020, this report is designed to provide central banks and financial supervisors with options to align their crisis response measures with sustainability goals.
Central banks and financial supervisors are playing a crucial role in shaping the responses to the crisis brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic. To avoid lock-in to a high-carbon recovery and to fulfil their mandates for financial stability, central banks and supervisors need to align their COVID-19 response measures with the Paris Agreement on climate change. This new guide provides a framework for doing so.
The guide has been designed to help ensure that climate risks are accurately reflected in central banks’ balance sheets and operations, to minimize climate-related risks for regulated financial institutions, and to support governments’ efforts to scale up sustainable finance in line with the Paris Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals. It is produced by the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) and the Centre for Sustainable Finance at SOAS, University of London.